What Exactly is Bursitis?
Bursitis is an inflammation of the bursa, the fluid-filled sacs that cushion the joints and provide a gliding surface to reduce friction. Major bursae are located near large joints like the hips, knees, shoulders, and elbows. Bursitis is a temporary condition and does not usually cause deformity. However, it may limit motion in the affected areas.
Types of Bursitis
Though bursitis can occur anywhere in the body where a bursa is located, there are several specific well-known types. They include:
Bursitis in the hip often results from overuse, injury, arthritis, spinal abnormalities, or surgery. It is most common in women and middle-aged and older people.
Knee bursitis affects the Pes Anserine bursa which is located between the shin bone and the three tendons of the hamstring muscles, on the inside of knee. Bursitis of the knee may be caused by arthritis, tight hamstring muscles, excess weight, not stretching before exercise, or out-turning of the knee or lower leg.
Kneecap bursitis commonly occurs in people who regularly sit on their knees, such as plumbers and carpet layers.
Bursitis in the elbow may result from an injury or from applying constant pressure on the elbow, such as frequently leaning on hard surfaces. In this type of bursitis, inflammation of the olecranon bursa occurs between the skin and bones of the elbow.
Posterior Achilles Tendon Bursitis
Bursitis of the posterior Achilles tendon, commonly called Haglund’s deformity, occurs mainly in young women. It develops in the area between the skin of the heel and the Achilles tendon. This type of bursitis is aggravated when walking presses the soft heel tissue against the rigid back support of a shoe.
Anterior Achilles Tendon Bursitis
The most common symptoms bursitis sufferers may experience include pain, localized tenderness, and limited range of motion. In instances where inflamed bursa is located near the surface, swelling and redness may occur.
Symptoms of chronic bursitis include repeated episodes of pain, swelling, and tenderness. Chronic bursitis may lead to a limited range of motion and muscle deterioration.
Causes of Bursitis
Bursitis is commonly caused by overuse or injury, but may result from an infection as well. Other diseases that increase the likelihood of developing bursitis include arthritis, diabetes, and thyroid disease. Bad posture and poor physical condition also increase the chances of developing bursitis.
Many non-invasive therapies are available for the treatment of bursitis, including chiropractic care. Treatment regimens for bursitis depend on various factors and are developed in accordance with age, medical history, and overall health. Consult with the professionals at Action Spine & Joint to establish a plan of care today.